Opinion: The Discrimination Of HND Holders in Nigeria

Right from the emergence of western education in Nigeria, there has been a lot of controversies generated regarding the disparity that is breeding between degree and Higher national diploma certificates. This dichotomy has escalated to a stage that
most of the graduates that were trained in polytechnics wished to pursue a degree certificate but for lack of privilege. Having a concrete and theoretical view into the backgrounds, it is pertinent to know the significance of polytechnic training in the area of technological development and nation building. Generally, the polytechnic is majorly established to equip man powers with the necessary technological skills use in nation building. To add verisimilitude, this particular disparity is still in existence at full edge especially in Nigeria labour markets. Most of corporate organisations have special preference for university graduates compare to their polytechnic counterparts with governmental set ups inclusive. Some companies will go as far as placing in their adverts in the national dailys that only university degrees are allowed, though many private enterprises accept HND but a degree certificate is an added advantage. This dichotomy is not only restricted to the private enterprises, the civil service of the nation owned at the state or federal government level also embrace this in their process of recruitment due to the fact that a new employee holding a HND certificates starts at the position of grade level 7 whereas a degree holder does so at grade level 8. Looking at the process of retirement in the civil service, it is learnt that a HND holder retires at the grade level 14 while a university graduate retires at grade level 16. Is this not a complete devaluation of HND certificate? Even though there are many polytechnics in Nigeria producing middle level man power, the level of its development is still at a slower rate. This particular disparity breeding regarding degree and HND has resulted in many students opting for university degree which is purely academic and research-based compare to polytechnic training that entails practical and pragmatism. This dichotomy is doing more harm than good in
the area of economic growth and educational development. For instance, there are some cases where a university graduate of mechanical engineering was unable to repair a faulty automobile; this particular episode has obviously reflected the theoretical nature of university training. Examining the issue critically, polytechnic education is scientifically and technologically oriented in the sense that proper scientific training is offered in the area of engineering technology, textile development, architectural technology, automobile system development and host of others. Even in Nigeria of nowadays, you will hardly see a situation where parents wish their wards to attend polytechnics owing to some of the aforementioned facts. Every child wants to become a medical doctor, lawyer, engineer, nurse and so on, nursing the believe that all these professions are trained in the university. Even the unified tertiary matriculation examination which serves as the qualifying examination into
the Nigerian universities, polytechnics and college of education experienced mass application into the universities whereas the slot for admission is limited. Some students even prefer staying at home for a long period of time waiting for university admission rather than proceeding towards polytechnic. At the corner of professionalism, higher percentage of professional institutions in Nigeria reserves an enjoyment galore for university graduate applicants in the course of their professional trainings such as ICAN whereas HND holders require some particular exams before being duly eligible. In the course of attaining postgraduate degrees such as
masters degree and doctor of
philosophy, a HND holder is required to procure a postgraduate diploma of a recognised university before he is eligible to further with his second degree. In the area of education privileges, it is learnt that most of the scholarship available in Nigeria are meant for university undergraduates and graduates. Even the international one has preference for degree. For instance, petroleum trust development fund (PTDF) is a scheme that has executed a wide range of development projects such as building of laboratories and complexes in many universities across Nigeria. In conclusion, here are some
proffered solutions that may
definitely bridge the gaps
resulting from the disparity Employment into various cadres of positions in the civil service, government parastatals, corporate organisations and private establishment should not only be based on certification but also on the individual capability and practical experience through proper interviewing and scrutinization. Proper orientation and enlightenment programmes should be given to all graduates irrespective of their graduating schools on the need for self autonomy and reliance. The federal government
should eradicate the
dichotomy by passing a
legislative act regarding that
and the equivalence of HND
with B.tech of a university. if all these gaps are cleared ,
polytechnic education will be
appealing to admission
seekers and thus divert their
focus on compulsory
university attendance, I hope with this , the country will be
propelling towards an
enviable height.

Ali Toyin Abdul is a law undergraduate of university of Ilorin, a published writer, poetic expert and information technologist. He is an associate member of society of young Nigerian writers and a member of union of campus journalist. You can contact me at alincokayman@gmail.com, 08135284036.

18 COMMENTS

  1. It is only in polytechnic that admission allows those who have not remedied their o’level, and yet they graduate with remedying it. I have a poly friend that has his o’level incomplete and yet he is cruising with it. Is this not one of the reasons why poly graduates are discriminated against?
    By the way, are there no PGD programmes again for those who want to be at par with university graduates?

  2. Mr ignis,ur excuse for the discrimination is unfounded and sounds empty to me.ur are also aware dat for a very long time now,most people who seek for admission in the universities and av even gain admission on a ratio of 7:10 hardly could defend their WASSCE results.so what are u sayin here?have u been to any interview that requires both a degree holder and jus even an ordinary Diploma holder to see the blunders the so called University graduates are emmiting?this disparity jus have to be seriously loolked into cos it makes no meanings to me.

  3. Universities is far more ahead of polytechnics, d ar incomparable.. who say universitis don’t do practical? den i say its a lie.. do polytechnic students know wat it take 2 get an M.sc or M.tech, do de know wat prerequisite means.. Com skul in ATBU & am saying it dat out of 68 of us dat started in my dept 28 of us ar remaining & not everybody wld even graduate.. 500lev

  4. @ issac, I can assure you that if you come to polytechnic before you get distinction your neck go long compared to universities where most have 1st class without having anything upstairs, most don’t work for the certificate they carry…
    Stop all the discrimination
    One love bro!

  5. If u truly understand the genuineness of a qualitative global education u wouldnt call university. Hw many of theses uni students attend classed? Yet u see them throwing shoulders and walking with an empty head. It wil interest u to knw dat an average poly student could also come out a first or Second class student. It iz also true that bribing n lobbying lecturers id the order of the day in university. While a d composition of the poly proves contrary. Of a truth, let keep names aside….two uni students wil hardly stand a single poly student. However, the Federal govt should look into dis matter on d basis of student’s delivery n brilliance irrespective of schools. Only wen dis is curtail, Nigeria labour force wil fall n the essence of a sound n qualitative education wil suffer in bcos of d narrow view of some persons who do not have the interest of the Nigerian standard educational culture.

  6. I should remember wen i did my SIWES in NNPC dat ws my 1st/2nd year in poly, i met alot of dos cal demselves copers dat 4rom de so cald UNI…see dey never kno antin base on dere desciplin.I touht many of dem y in field of work. Dey kno notin bt only to be on dey computer system doin rubish…..kudos to poly graduate.

  7. The basis for disparity btw poly & uni started when we use higher kut off for uni admmission and lower kut off for poly student,bt nt withstanding i can,t categorically say that poly is betta bkos each of them is performing it own specified functions uni is mostely theory y poly is practical,uni offers strong courses like medicine,pharm MLs,and law,i don,t think poly hv this courses,

  8. What i think is good is for both private and public sector to recruite HND and Degree holders cos company’s apptitude test will seperate boys from men.

  9. Well,all of you have said alot,let somebody come to IBADAN poly and see alot of ERROR,where they used money to correct outstanding courses.talk of the materials they used for their handout,is nothing to be recon with.But i give kuddos to FEDPOLY student,ADO,EDE,OFA,YABATECH etc,you can enter those sckul with empty head,is only limited to state poly,where they gather IRU and SAPA together. But all thesam,God will crown all our success and make us reach a fulfill destination.Shalom

  10. Well,all of you have said alot,let somebody come to IBADAN poly and see alot of ERRORs,where they used money to correct outstanding courses.Talk of the materials they used for their handout,is nothing to be recon with.But i give kuddos to FEDPOLY student,ADO,EDE,OFA,YABATECH etc,you can’t enter those sckul with empty head,is only limited to state polys’,where they gather IRU and SAPA together. But all thesam,God will crown all our effort with success and make us reach a fulfill destination.Shalom

  11. Dis writeup is very good my people, and dis is not calling for sentiment. All i know is dat whether uni or poly what matter most is what one is carrying, its just unfortunate dat dos in position to see all dis are blind. Private downgrade public, uni downgrade poly, full- Time downgrade part- Time and at the end both you and your first degree will be downgraded outside nigeria(despite all dis our read…..read and practicaless system of schooling). No minister, lawmaker or scholars has ever come with the intension of balancing dis long dispute which was created by the so called learned in our country. Dis is not the foundation laid by people like Dr Nnamdi, Awolowo and e’tel, mind you dis not the fault of our wonderful President, its the ministry, jamb, Nuc, NTBE etc.

  12. Dis writeup is very good my people, and dis is not calling for sentiment. All i know is dat whether uni or poly what matter most is what one is carrying, its just unfortunate dat dos in position to see all dis are blind. Private downgrade public, uni downgrade poly, full- Time downgrade part- Time and at the end both you and your first degree will be downgraded outside nigeria(despite all dis our read…..read and practicaless system of schooling). No minister, lawmaker or scholars has ever come with the intension of balancing dis long dispute which was created by the so called learned in our country. Dis is not the foundation laid by people like Dr Nnamdi, Awolowo and e’tel, mind you dis not the fault our wonderful President, its the ministry, jamb, Nuc, NTBE etc.

  13. Nigerians are good policy writer but they bad in implementing those policy,wheather you take it or leave it most polytechnic graduate are far better than university graduate.i have a stronge point because i went to polytechnic and university so i am a product of both higher institutions.most university students are doomy only want they no is fashion and swagger without anything in there brain they are not good in practical.Can u imagine a 400L student of estate management who cannot carried out a VALUATION that bad.

  14. u guys here,lack d knowledge of history of education and d mandate of their establishment,poly and uni are nt of equal mandate.even in germany where poly ,originated or europe and america where it is nt part of education system.mr writer should study history of education and comparative education world perspective b4 complaint..the way u see it is d way it is all over.we borrowed it and can nt change the content and level of placement.ur nt forced to study in poly the choice is urs.

  15. From my point of view govt should set aside a organisation that will conduct general examination for all Graduates before awarding any degree

  16. The fact is that, no matter how good a poly graduate is, he/she is disadvantaged by the policy. Exchange of misguided statement hasn’t solve the problem and probably may not, its only a change in policy that can bring about the change.While the dichotomy on one hand can be a disadvantage to the HND holder at entry level, it can still be ameliorated by taking or enrolling in bridging programmes like PGD,ICAN etc.LOL.

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