If a chemical burns the skin, follow these steps:
1. Remove the cause of the burn by first brushing any remaining dry chemical and then rinsing the chemical off the skin surface with cool, gently running water for 10 to 20 minutes or more.
2. Remove clothing or jewellery that has been
contaminated by the chemical.
3. Wrap the burned area loosely with a dry, sterile dressing (if available) or a clean cloth.
4. Re wash the burned area for several more minutes if the person experiences increased burning after the initial washing.
5. Take an over-the-counter pain reliever if
needed for pain. These include aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others), naproxen (Aleve) or acetaminophen (Tylenol, others).
6. Get a tetanus shot. All burns are susceptible to tetanus. Doctors recommend you get a tetanus shot every 10 years. If your last shot was more than five years ago, your doctor may recommend a tetanus shot
Minor chemical burns usually heal without further treatment. Seek emergency medical assistance if:
1. The person shows signs of shock, such as fainting, pale complexion or breathing in a notably shallow manner
2. The chemical burn penetrated through the first layer of skin, and the resulting second-degree burn covers an area more than 3 inches (7.6 centimeters) in diameter
3. The chemical burn occurred on the eye, hands, feet, face, groin or buttocks, or over a major joint
4. The person has pain that cannot be controlled with over-the-counter pain relievers