Two suspected U.S. drone strikes killed 12 Islamist militants overnight in southern Yemen, residents said on Thursday, including a top al Qaeda commander who may have been the new leader of Islamic State in Yemen. One strike killed six men in a car traveling in al Rawda city in Shabwa province, a remote desert area where al Qaeda militants are believed to be operating. The province has been targeted by drone strikes this year.
Another attack hit militants in their car in the coastal Abyan province, killing six occupants including Jalal Baleedi, a powerful field commander who is suspected of leading al Qaeda attacks on the Yemeni state. As fighting in the country has intensified amid nine months of civil war and a military intervention by Gulf Arab states, Baleedi is believed to have recently defected from Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) and become the chief of Islamic State’s Yemen branch.
AQAP has taken advantage of the war pitting Houthi militiamen against forces loyal to Saudi-backed President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi to grab territory and operate more openly. The group has claimed credit for several thwarted attacks on U.S.-bound airliners as well as the deadly assault on the French satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo in January 2015.
But AQAP, seen as the deadliest branch of al Qaeda in the world, has faced ideological competition from Islamic State, which has siphoned off recruits as it has launched spectacular attacks against Shi’ite Muslim mosques and government targets. The United States has kept up a drone campaign against the militants, adding to near-daily air strikes by a Saudi-led Gulf Arab coalition, which intervened in the war last March to rout the Iran-backed Houthis and restore Hadi’s government.