On November 8, 2016, Americans will decide who will be their President for the next four years; they have to choose between the Democratic candidate, Hillary Clinton and Republican candidate, Donald Trump.
However, the United States Election is less than straightforward and we will attempt to demystify it in four simple steps;
How do early results show Hillary Clinton has an edge?
Well, the American elections allow voters to cast early votes before the day of the actual election. Some states in the US allow you to change your vote a bunch of times before election day!
40% of voters are thought to vote before election day.
Why Is It Held On A Weekday?
Apart from the fact that not every country is Nigeria and requires two days of national idleness to allow for voting, the US has always held elections on Tuesdays.
Years ago, the American society was largely Agrarian and Tuesday ensured that farmers could cast their vote.
What Is An Electoral College
This is the most confusing part of the US elections. The American President is not elected by popular vote as there is an electoral college made of 538 electors
The number of electors in a state are determined by the size and whichever candidate wins the most votes in a state wins all the electors. This means that the key to winning the elections is pretty much to win states with the most electors.
The Magic Number
Over time, the winning number of electors needed for victory in the US Presidential elections is 270. That’s just over half the electors in the country.