Nigeria ESL Students with Their Problems in Writing English Essays

Over the years a considerable number of international al students lucky to pursue higher education in English speaking countries. As the number increases each year, the English teacher is challenged to find the best and practical strategies for teaching academic English to non-native English students. There is a considerable challenge for ESL student learn the types of writing needed to perform various academic disciplines.  

Understand the Difficulties These International Nigerian Students

Instead of universities focusing attention on the teaching of teaching English as a second language, understanding the challenges of those international Nigeria students exhibited in writing “standard academic English” is the best approach. These challenges result of widely varying access to educational facilities such as different varieties of English taught as well as inconsistent writing instruction and secondary educational levels.

In Nigeria, English instruction is more unequal, and most students who demand English education comes from private schooling while public educational facilities provide inadequate English instruction. Thus, the English levels these Nigerian international students present with when they matriculate at American universities can be inconsistent, which may lead to certain perceptions regarding Nigerian academic English writing performance.

Nigerian English is Quite Formal

In Nigeria, English is more precise, probably because of that how it’s taught. Most students are not taught formal and informal register and their application. Nigeria ESL has a mishmash of the two and their interaction with native English speakers; it takes longer for the student to adjust to the formality to comprehend what is said.  In severe cases, their ear needs to be tuned to what is being said, and that can take some time to grasp.

Nigeria ESL Affected by Accent

There is a considerable issue, emphasizing the words and the speed at which a Nigerian student speaks.  Nigeria student who has been in the US for long, for example, knows how to slow down a little as not many people are used to their accent. Even those with prior encounters may miss some words.  There is a massive difference in pronunciation. How a Nigerian student emphasized certain words, one needs to understand the words and vocabulary.

Tone of Voice

The tone of view may be a contributory factor. The English Language is not just words, but the tone of voice and the way the speaker expresses themselves and their body language. Nigerians speak in a monotone which is initially hard to understand because emphasizing certain words gives a different meaning. The listener might be merely looking for these clues, and since this may be their focus, they could miss the purpose. Body language is imperative as these may differ significantly from native English speakers, they may misunderstand/not understand what ESLs are talking about.

Differences in Grammatical Levels

  • Deviant Use of Verbs. Use of stative verbs that denote perception, such as see, hear, look, notice; verbs of cognition and verbs of relations do generally not occur in the progressive aspect. For example, Please, send a text, my line is not reachable.  I have a flat battery. (Have). Use of Dynamic Verbs that denote activity or express physical actions and occurs following aspect or non-linking verbs. A Nigeria student example;

“Driver, please wait I want to get down” Native English speaker “driver, please stop, I want to get off.”

  • Deviant Use of Reflexive Pronoun. In Nigerian languages, there are no distinctions between “themselves”, “ourselves” and “each other”. Nigeria English is affected by Yoruba; there is only one lexical item ara wa/ara won which corresponds to ourselves/themselves, one another/each other respectively.  
  • Use of Personal Plural Pronoun for Singular Referents. The source of this type of deviation linked to the transfer of the pronoun ‘awon’ / ‘won’ in Yoruba, for instance, “they”. It is used by the Nigerian user of English to mean he/she or a person or an indefinite group of people in a context. In this context, “they” refers to the father of the person talking.
  • The omission of Function Words. The source of this type of deviation from standard English is the linked of Nigerian indigenous languages to English. The problem of the usage is that of a partial correspondence between the English articles “the”, ‘a/an’ and for instance, Yoruba ‘naa’, ‘kan’ respectively.
  • Nigeria Code-mixing in English. Code mixing in English is when a speaker mixing two languages within the elements of a sentence structure (in this case, English and Yoruba).  


“Mo try to late write, story came about the man’s ordeal in the police station”.

“I tried to write a story about the man’s ordeals in the Police Station.”

  • At the lexical level. The errors identified are as a result cultural background of the learners as well as their linguistic background. Although some universities in the united states, the United Kingdom and Canada attempt to find ways to welcome such students to serve their academic needs better, they end being enrolled in course that offer a more-or-less traditional English as an ESL experience.

On the flip side, some ESL finds it very difficult to understand native English speakers for the same reasons we have mentioned above (but for the opposite reasons and many more). Nigeria ESL Students find it hard to adapt as in many cases the universities seem to take a “one-size-fits-all” approach in teaching English composition overlooking the actual academic preparation of non-native students. Nigerian students themselves often claim English as their first language, English teacher complain that their efforts devalued. They do not meet regarded as inadequate-defined “western” standard of writing. Most are skeptical of this ESL approach and feel the most accurate descriptor of English in Nigeria as a language learned concurrently with the indigenous languages such as Igbo and Yoruba. As a matter of fact, a lot of ESL students abroad address professional english essay writing services to get their papers written from scratch in accordance with their requirements. Most of them consider this solution the most effective for succeeding in education abroad.


  1. Microsoft office is a program that is used on many platforms.The package is used by millions of users across the globe.If you are facing Office Installation and Download problems, then you are at the right place. Get the solutions MS Office related issues. Office setup or office com setup provide the latest version of office setup.

  2. You will never feel uninterested reading the recent articles related to and its remarkable. The unique and creative formats always focus the attention of readers. If you would like to discover the field of writing, suggest visiting our webpage to read the recent articles

  3. Creating the Roku account and activation is through Find more about this by reading all our blogs and the latest articles. Create your account by paying the bucks, providing a strong password. After that, activate the Roku device by linking it with your account. Roku activation code is more significant and you need to provide it in Begin with installing the channels and then activate it via its activation site.We provide support 24*7.What are you waiting for..?! Ring our Roku Support team on 1-844-710-6060 for inquiries and clarification 

  4. McAfee is one of the best antiviruses that protects your device from numerous attacks such as blocking unsafe websites and downloads. These harmful threats consist of viruses, malware, ransomware, and spyware as well. Plus, it also gives several features like allows to perform a customized scan of a certain document or folder and check for unsafe threats.

  5. Do you want to protect your system data from malware and viruses? Then, you need first to download the Eset & Get steps to download, install, and activate the Eset antivirus. To enter the product key, visit

  6. Norton is a the best platform to download and activate the Norton setup without any error. This is a activation keys for Norton Users. Renew your Norton antivirus with product key from fill and activation norton antivirus.Follow the guidelines to complete the process with no issues.

  7. Are you looking for instructions on how to activate roku streaming player? Then have a read. To start with, perform the hardware setup of your Roku. Then connect your Roku to the internet. On a successful connection, link your Roku and your Roku account. Now you will see an activation code on your TV screen. Make a note of it carefully. Finally, visit the activation page of Roku and enter the link code. Now click the submit option. Following the above steps, your Roku will be activated successfully.

  8. McAfee Antivirus provides the essential security you need to protect your PC from hackers and thieves and scans for security and performance issues and tells you how to fix things instantly. McAfee protects you in real-time by analyzing unknown files before they get to you. you’re running the most trusted antivirus out there.

  9. antivirus programming has been wiping out malware, infections and different sorts of on the web and disconnected dangers from influencing the presentation of a PC for a considerable length of time. Norton, being a security arrangement giving organization has made different programming’s that are known for giving truly necessary assurance as far as information insurance, database security, arrange security, web security and substantially more. With such a wide scope of projects and assurance accessible with Norton, continue perusing to become familiar with the most effortless approach to finish the Norton Setup process for both PC and Mobiles clients.

  10. Whether you are a Mac or Windows user, your device is always vulnerable to the ongoing cyber thefts and assaults. However, if you visit webroot login, you will be able to secure your computer with the world’s best security software, Webroot Secure. As the name suggests, it is a security utility for computers to evade the ongoing web attacks. It doesn’t matter what security utility you are currently using on your computer to keep it safe; Webroot is always ten steps ahead of any antivirus to date. 

  11. Step-by-Step guide for Office – Activate, Download & complete installation from office/setup. We are provide independent support if you face problem to activate or install Microsoft office product.Step-by-Step guide for Office – Activate, Download & complete installation from office/setup. We are provide independent support if you face problem to activate or install Microsoft office product.oo

  12. Norton/setup is here to answer your questions, troubleshoot problems and offer you expert tips for your PC & Website. We are dedicated to helping our PC users with every issue they are facing. We understand your issues and deliver quick problem resolution. Our service can be availed 24/7 n3

  13. Step-by-Step guide for Office – Activate, Download & complete installation from office/setup. We are provide independent support if you face problem to activate or install Microsoft office product.Step-by-Step guide for Office – Activate, Download & complete installation from office/setup. We are provide independent support if you face problem to activate or install Microsoft office product.1

  14. Step-by-Step guide for Office – Activate, Download & complete installation from office/setup. We are provide independent support if you face problem to activate or install Microsoft office product.Step-by-Step guide for Office – Activate, Download & complete installation from office/setup. We are provide independent support if you face problem to activate or install Microsoft office product.2

  15. Step-by-Step guide for Office – Activate, Download & complete installation from office/setup. We are provide independent support if you face problem to activate or install Microsoft office product.Step-by-Step guide for Office – Activate, Download & complete installation from office/setup. We are provide independent support if you face problem to activate or install Microsoft office product.3

  16. Step-by-Step guide for Office – Activate, Download & complete installation from office/setup. We are provide independent support if you face problem to activate or install Microsoft office product.Step-by-Step guide for Office – Activate, Download & complete installation from office/setup. We are provide independent support if you face problem to activate or install Microsoft office product.5

  17. A debt of gratitude is in order for offering such enlightening web journal to us. I should state you are an inconceivable essayist, I love the way that you depict the things. In the event that you need I any character advancement specialist than get in touch with us at.

  18. Microsoft office is the most extensively used computing device software program today. MS office is accepted by an extensive target market ranging from corporations and faculties to the authorities and home customers. Microsoft has established the exclusive components of Office including Word, Excel, and PowerPoint which will help users work more efficiently

  19. Microsoft 365 provides more security than a basic Office 365 subscription, with features such as Enhanced Security Features, wireless cleaning, and app safety and security that prevents duplication. Instead of using Microsoft Word and Excel, Microsoft 365 offers a range of useful features.

  20. microsoft365 setup just provides an installation guide to activate microsoft365.cpm/setup antivirus. Utilization Of microsoft365.cpm/setup Name, logo, trademarks and its images is just for reference and not the slightest bit propose that Go-microsoft365 setup has any business relationship with microsoft365 setup

  21. At SMS SQUAD we have designed our software in a way that it makes it possible for you to send Bulk promotional SMS to multiple users at a short notice, without having to face too many hurdles.

    At SMS SQUAD our experts strive to provide numerous options to stay in touch with your customers, employees and other significant targeted audience.

  22. Norton 360 VPN is a comprehensive security solution that protects all your devices against cyber threats. It offers virus protection, endpoints encryption, application firewall, Windows and Mac malware protection, and Wi-Fi network shield. The Norton 360 VPN provides organization with the ability to connect endpoints over large distances to ensure productivity across teams and workspaces. It can also be used by service providers to offer their clients digital workplace security.

    Norton 360 VPN is a product developed by Norton which provides protection against cyber threats. It offers Internet security, data encryption, and powerful parental controls among many other features. Norton 360 VPN is a provider of the best in-class internet security services for homes and businesses in over 150 countries worldwide. This service includes high-quality data protection, content encryption, parental controls, and online privacy solutions.

    Norton 360 is a VPN that is installed on your computer and allows you to connect to the internet while keeping your computer and personal data safe. It provides you with online safety and security. While the Norton 360 VPN does its job, it might get blocked by an infected machine or because of a lack of internet access. The most common causes for the Norton 360 VPN not working include:

    – A laptop’s hardware or software configuration has been changed without the proper settings – The virus protection software on your PC has been accidentally disabled – Your antivirus protection software is out dated – Your firewall settings have been changed without your knowledge.

    Norton 360 VPN is one of the most popular antivirus packages. But it has been discovered that its frequent crashes and errors are not for nothing. The Norton 360 VPN not working issue is a common problem for many users.

    Norton 360 VPN is a software that provides users with a way to protect the privacy and security of their online activities. Norton 360 VPN users might face problems with their VPN connection. Sometimes, these problems might be so difficult to fix that the only option left would be to uninstall and reinstall the software.

    Users may experience issues when they need to fix Norton 360 VPN not working issues. This troubleshooting guide will help you troubleshoot your problem and find the solution by following these steps:

    – Check if you’re using the most recent version of Norton 360:

    – Check if you’re using Internet Explorer:

    – Perform a system restore:

    – Ensure that your computer meets the minimum system requirements for Norton 360:

    – Perform a clean install of Norton 360

    Norton 360 VPN offers affordable pricing with no subscription fees or cancellation fees even after the trial period expires. Norton maintains its commitment to quality by offering 24/7 customer support round the clock so customers can depend on their products to remain safe online.

  23. McAfee is an internet security company which offers antivirus software to its customers. However, when one of their customer tried to cancel her subscription, she was told that she would not be able to get her money back. The customer then contacted the company’s support line and they told her that the decision to cancel was final and permanent. The McAfee refund issue has been plaguing many customers for a while now.

    McAfee has a refund policy that states that they will issue a refund for products if they are not satisfied with the product or its performance.

    The company will consider a request for a refund if it meets the following criteria:

    – The product was purchased no more than three months ago from the date of purchase.

    – There have been no more than one installation or update of the McAfee product during this period.

    – There have been no more than 30 days of active service on the McAfee subscription during this period.

    – The customer has not submitted an online help desk request to McAfee for assistance within this same time frame.

    In order to get a refund for your McAfee purchase, you need to contact the McAfee support team.

    The refund process is a two-step process. First, a form will be submitted to McAfee support by the customer service representative. Second, after going through all the details, the customer service representative will provide a confirmation email with instructions on how to complete the refund procedure.

    This procedure has been simplified and it should take less than 10 minutes of your time in order to get a full refund for your purchase from McAfee.

    McAfee refund errors are a major problem for people who need to request a refund. These errors can occur due to the inability of the customer service representative to answer the question, not being able to access the account, not being able to locate a purchase, or having an expired McAfee subscription.

  24. Techiespost is the Best Blogging website for the latest news in technology. From smartphones, laptops, tablets and digital cameras to gadgets like smart watches, wearables, drones and 3D printing. We cover all the latest happenings from national as well as international

  25. Basketball legends is a game in which you need to shoot the basketball and score. The game has an unblocked mode, and you can play it for free.

    The game is played with the mouse and keyboard. You need to click on the mouse button to get started and then use the arrow keys on your keyboard to move around. You can also use your keyboard’s space bar to jump or press the up arrow key to do a dunk shot.

    In order to score points, you have to shoot the ball into one of three baskets at either side of your screen – it’s that simple!

  26. Log into and get access to the vast range of existing design possibilities for a craft project. To access the Cricut com setup windows you need to download the Cricut Design Space Setup via setup. You will then be able to access the numerous designs for your craft projects that you can use for home décor purposes or commercialise the product for a beneficial monetary deal.

  27. Https //ij.start.cannon is actually the official site of ij start canon that helps you install the latest printer drivers and software. Visiting http //ij.start.cannon provides you a complete list of all canon printers where you’ve to select your printer model and download the correct setup file

  28. Go to from the Browser of your PC or laptop to get the drivers for your Canon printer and scanner. You can install the Canon printer driver, software, and other tools with the latest version on your device. You get a set of unique drivers and software for each Canon printer model with Canon. Now, start unpacking your printer and follow the instructions to setup your printer from

  29. Canon printers are good in terms of print quality and the printing performance they offer. These printers are cost-effective for photos. Their photo printing quality appears quite good and measures up to the users’ expectations. To quickly perform the setup process for your Canon printer, you can head over to right now.

  30. We appreciate your sharing your amazing details. The site you have created is fantastic. I’m amazed by the info that you’ve included on your site. It shows how well you know this topic. Have bookmarked this website, will return to read more posts. You, my pal, ROCK! I came across the exact information I’ve already searched for but couldn’t find. What a fantastic website.

  31. Canon is a prominent printer brand and has received numerous accolades from people worldwide. Canon printers make inkjet and laser printers. Whether you want to print, copy, or scan documents, you will find canon printers quite perfect for your printing needs. In order to perform the setup procedure for your newly bought Canon printer, you can get to the official site setup right now.

  32. Canon manufactures excellent printers that professionals find good for their printer needs. Canon printers are ideal for high-volume printing. Canon printers are good for both home and office use. Canon printers deliver awesome print quality. In order to perform the setup process for your Canon printing device, you can head over to the official site setup .

  33. Silhouette Cameo is a great desktop cutting machine that lets you create crafts in an easy way. You can set it up at your home and quickly start the process of making crafts. It cuts materials with precision according to the commands sent by you. It lets a user cut fabric stickers and create custom stickers and tattoos. Moreover, It can cut materials such as leather, vinyl, cardstock, paper, etc. Carry out the Silhouette Cameo setup process to begin using your Silhouette Cameo machine right away.

  34. Cricut cuts leather, card stock, sticky paper, and other materials into shapes. It can make crafts for you by cutting hard paper into greeting cards and labels. A Cricut machine buyer can also give an attractive shape to vinyl by cutting it with precision. Reach to set up your Cricut machine now.

  35. Did you just buy a new Cricut machine? Get started with and register your account instantly. If you are just exploring how the Cricut machine works, you should know you have got some magic to see. With the best Cricut machines, you have endless possibilities of what you can make with them. Home crafters who are constantly worried about creating enough space for their projects can now give their worries a rest. With compact Cricut machines, you have more space for your projects and lesser machine space.