Landslides in Bosnia have left hundreds of people homeless, while thousands more have fled homes in neighbouring Croatia and Serbia as Balkan countries battle the worst flooding since modern records began.
Throughout hilly Bosnia, floods are triggering landslides covering roads, homes and whole villages. About 300 landslides have been reported, and stranded villagers often are being rescued by helicopter.
“The situation is catastrophic,” Bosnia’s refugee minister, Adil Osmanovic, said on Sunday.
Three months’ worth of rain fell on the region in a three-day burst, creating the worst floods since rainfall measurements began 120 years ago.
Observed from the air, almost a third of Bosnia chiefly in the northeast resembles a huge muddy lake, with houses, roads and rail lines submerged.
Officials say about a million people – more than a quarter of the country’s population – live in the worst-affected areas.
The hillside village of Horozovina, close to the northeastern town of Tuzla, was practically split in two by a landslide that swallowed eight houses. More than 100 others were also under threat.
“I am homeless. I have nothing left, not even a toothpick,” said one resident, Mesan Ikanovic.
“I ran out of the house barefoot, carrying children in my arms.”
Ikanovic said 10 minutes separated him and his family from likely death. He carried his seven-year-old daughter and four-year-old son to safety.
While water levels are receding in some parts of Bosnia, land flanking the Sava River remains submerged, and water levels there are still rising in many areas. Hundreds of people have been plucked by rescue helicopters from flooded towns and villages.
The mayor of Orasje made a special appeal for help. The town is caught between the Sava on one side and another flooding river, the Bosna, on the other.
More than 10,000 already have been rescued from the town of Bijeljina, in northeast Bosnia. Trucks, buses and private cars were heading north with volunteers and tonnes of aid collected by people in cities outside the disaster zone.
In Sarajevo, volunteers went from door to door collecting whatever people would donate.
The Bosnian Army said it was evacuating people with helicopters and has 1500 troops helping on the ground.
But many roads remain closed by floods and hundreds of landslides. Bridges have been washed away and this has left many towns and villages completely depending on air lifts.
Helicopters from the European Union, Slovenia and Croatia also are aiding rescue efforts. They are deployed in areas around five cities in central and northeastern Bosnia where the situation is considered the most dangerous.
In the eastern sections of neighbouring Croatia, two people are missing and hundreds have fled their homes as the Sava River also breached flood barriers there. The overflowing river rolled over villages and farm land in the relatively flat terrain.
In Serbia, more than 20,000 people have been forced from their homes. Officials there feared more flooding later on Sunday as floodwaters travel down the Sava and reach the country.