Having rejected independence and lost First Minister Alex Salmond, Scotland has woken up to an unsettled future as fears grow that new powers promised by London will prove a disappointment.
Violent scenes in Glasgow’s main square on Friday night may not have been repeated elsewhere but many Scots see their nation as divided and are looking to the next few months with uncertainty. A key question is what fresh powers Conservative Prime Minister David Cameron and Britain’s other main parties will now hand to the Scottish parliament in Edinburgh.
Many people do not trust the Westminster elite.
Salmond said on Friday that the proposed timetable already showed signs of slipping.
Former Labour prime minister Gordon Brown, who is credited with helping push the pro-union camp to victory, said on Saturday that “the eyes of the world” were now on London’s political leaders. In a passionate speech in Fife, the Scot vowed to personally keep up the pressure and said a date had already been set for the British parliament to discuss a new Scottish settlement on October 16.
“These are men who have been promise makers and they will not be promise breakers,” he said.
This uncertainty comes as Scotland tries to unite after a passionate and sometimes fractious referendum campaign which left more than four out of ten in a nation of 5.2 million disappointed with the result.
Politics has, unusually, been the talk of Scotland’s homes, pubs and cafes in recent weeks and Thursday’s referendum attracted an unprecedented 85 per cent turnout.
Although Scots rejected independence by more than ten percentage points, many ‘No’ voters did so on the basis that they had been promised fresh powers for Scotland.
Queen Elizabeth II has led calls for unity and voters from both sides are now being urged to display a “One Scotland” picture on their Twitter and Facebook pages.
Jubilant scenes … ‘Better Together’ supporters celebrate the result of the referendum. Picture: Jeff Mitchell/Getty Images
Edinburgh already has control over some domestic policies such as health and education but has been promised new powers over tax and welfare.
The pro-union camp outlined a timetable for greater powers in the final days of the campaign after opinion polls suggested `Yes’ could snatch a surprise victory.
However, there are concerns that the deal could be derailed by wrangling at Westminster.
Cameron wants to include the new Scottish settlement in a wider package that would also give England new powers.
But the opposition Labour party worries the changes could blunt the influence of their 40 Scottish politicians.
“They must deliver. If they do not, then the clamour will grow for another referendum,” Scotland’s Herald newspaper said in an editorial Saturday.
Salmond, who led the campaign for independence, announced on Friday that he will step down in November after seven years as first minister.
But he insisted Scotland would continue to hold London’s “feet to the fire” to ensure they devolve further meaningful authority to Scotland.
“The real guardians of progress are not the politicians at Westminster but the energised activism of tens of thousands of people who I predict will refuse meekly to go back into the political shadows,” he said. [AFP]