Russian Military To Train Five Dolphins For Underwater Military Missions


Russia is looking to purchase five bottlenose dolphins for military purposes in a contract worth 1.75 million rubles ($25,000), according to a notice posted by the Defense Ministry on the government’s procurement website. According to the tender, the contractor must catch three male and two female dolphins between the ages of 3 and 5 by Aug. 1. The length of the dolphins’ bodies should not exceed 2.7 meters (the average size for this species).

The specific objectives for the use of dolphins were not disclosed. It is possible that Russia is resuming a large-scale training program for marine “saboteurs.” An RBTH source in the Defense Ministry familiar with the situation said that the oceanarium is simultaneously being supplied with manpower, including the transfer of some troops from Moscow military units to Sevastopol.

Until the collapse of the USSR, dolphins had been intensively trained at the researchoceanarium in Cossack Bay in for underwater operations, including demining, mining, anti-saboteur missions and reconnaissance. However, with the disappearance of the Soviet Union in 1991, the oceanarium in Sevastopol came under the jurisdiction of Ukraine, and the number of marine animals (bottlenose dolphins, beluga whales and sea lions) dropped drastically.

The remaining dolphins were used for dolphin therapy for children and adults with neurological disorders and diseases of the musculoskeletal system. In March 2014, the Russian media reported that the animals, which were commandeered by the Russian military following the takeover of Crimea, would serve the interests of the Russian Navy. At the same time, employees of the dolphinarium expressed hope that Russia would allocate money to finance this unique scientific institute, and developments in the field of research of abilities of dolphins would not be lost.